Linux---(2)CentOS下yum命令详解

本文转载自:click

CentOS下yum命令详解

Yum: 即Yellowdog Update Modifier,是一种基于rpm的包管理工具

yum命令使用示例

显示yum仓库

显示所有仓库

yum repolist all

显示可用的仓库

repolist enabled

显示可用的仓库

repolist disabled

显示应用程序包

显示所有的程序包

yum list 
或
yum list all

[vathe@localhost ~]$yum list tre?
Installed Packages
tree.x86_64                                         1.6.0-10.el7 @base 还支持通配符格式的查询

显示可安装的程序包

yum list available

[vathe@localhost ~]$yum list available php
Available Packages
php.x86_64                                          5.4.16-42.el7 base

显示可更新或已安装的程序包

yum list updates

yum list installed

显示仓库中最近增加的程序包

yum list recent

安装程序包

#安装 tree 程序
yum install tree

升级程序包

yum update tree

卸载程序包

yum remove tree
或
yum erase tree

查看程序包信息

yum info tree

查看文件的来源

查看某一文件来自于那个程序包

[vathe@localhost ~]$yum provides /bin/mv 
coreutils-8.22-18.el7.x86_64 : A set of basic GNU tools commonly used in shell scripts Repo : base Matched from: Filename : /bin/mv #表示/bin/mv文件来自于coreutils-8.22-18.el7.x86_64程序包

清理本地缓存

yum clean all 

#清楚插件缓存
yum clean plugins

构建缓存

yum makecache

搜索

[vathe@localhost ~]$yum search php
============================================== N/S matched: php ===============================================
graphviz-php.x86_64 : PHP extension for graphviz
php.x86_64 : PHP scripting language for creating dynamic web sites php-bcmath.x86_64 : A module for PHP applications for using the bcmath library ...

查看指定包所依赖的capabilities

[vathe@localhost ~]$yum deplist php
package: php.x86_64 5.4.16-42.el7 dependency: httpd provider: httpd.x86_64 2.4.6-45.el7.centos ...

查看yum事务历史

[root@localhost ~]# yum history
Repository 'base' is missing name in configuration, using id
ID     | Login user               | Date and time    | Action(s)      | Altered ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 | Vathe Su <vathe> | 2017-04-17 17:07 | Install | 1 1 | System <unset> | 2017-03-23 22:19 | Install | 1405 history list

包组相关的命令

yum groupinstall    # 安装包组

yum groupupdate     #更新包组

yum grouplist       #显示包组

yum groupremove     #移除包组 yum groupinfo #查看包组信息 这些命令和上面的命令用法类似,只是针对于包组而言
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